Zacuto, Abraham (Abraham ben Samuel Zacut)

(1452-C.1515)
   Spanish astronomer and historian. His ancestors were French Jewish exiles who went to Castile in 1306. He studied and taught in Salamanica. His Ha-Hibbur ha-Gadol, a Hebrew work on astronomy, was translated into Spanish and Latin. He was the first to make a metal astrolabe, and he also drew up astronomical tables, which were used by Christopher Columbus. When Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492, he became astronomer and astrologer at the court of John II of Portugal; he was consulted by Vasco da Gama before his journey to India. Eventually he settled in Tunis, where he completed his Sepher Yuhasin on the history of rabbinic scholarship.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • ZACUTO, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (1452–c. 1515), astronomer and historian. His ancestors were French Jewish exiles who had come to Castile in 1306. In his biblical and talmudic studies he was instructed by his father and R. isaac aboab ii , and he attended the University of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Zacuto — Tabla astronómica de Almanach Perpetuum, obra de Abraham Zacut sobre astronomía. Abraham Zacut o Abraham Ben Zacuto (en hebreo: אברהם זכות; en portugués Abraão ben Samuel Zacut) (Salamanca, 1452 Damasco, hacia 1510) fue un matemático, astrónomo e …   Wikipedia Español

  • Закуто, Авраам — ивр. אברהם זכות‎, порт. Abraão ben Samuel Zacuto Дата рождения: 1450 год(1450) Место рождения …   Википедия

  • PHYSICS — The material presented in this entry emphasizes those contributions which were important in arriving at verified present day scientific results, rather than those that may have appeared important at the time. Unavoidably it will overlap in parts… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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